Stone sculpture is the process by which an artist or artist creates a sculpture. Stone has many different types, giving the artist a variety of choices in color, quality and hardness. Soft rock such as soft limestone, powdered stone, soapstone is the softest and most easily sculpted, rocks such as plaster, snowflake or medium hardness sandstone, can be sculpted with the help of simple iron tools or abrasive tools..The most coveted and most durable rock is volcanic, consisting of marble, diorite and basalt, which is difficult to handle. carving even when using tools with the tools of a tungsten carbide or hard steel tip.
The main type of rock used by the village is quarried from the north of Vietnam.
In addition to the traditional tools such as chisels, serrated chisels, straight chisels and hammers, the craftsmen also use machines such as air hammers, angle grinders, hand cutters. and many other hand drills
Artists can carve statues by the method of direct sculpture, that is, sculpt directly onto the selected rock, mainly based on the natural nature and shape of the rock, manuscripts or sketches. drawing to turn raw stone into sculptures to bring the artist’s soul
However, in order to create high-quality sculptures, most artisans choose the indirect method of sculpture, that is, using detailed samples in miniature or in true size (made from clay. then switch to plaster, wax, or composite) to copy over stone with the following basic steps:
1. Out stone billet
After selecting the appropriate block, the artist usually begins to remove large chunks of unnecessary rock with point chisers, wedge chisers and chisel hammer. and dunbgf the hammer shatters with skillfully controlled force
2. Posing and orthopedic
After finishing the embryo, the artist uses chalk or pencil to accurately mark the stone, using other tools such as serrated to correct and shape the statue. more and more refined
3. Go into detail and complete the statue
After creating the basic shape of the statue, the artist uses the sharpening tools to bring the statue back to the final shape, removing the small excess stone. Subtle details such as clothing folds, hair, eyes etc
Finally, the statue is polished with sandpaper to accentuate the color of the stone, the surface details and create a shiny for the statue. The artist used diamond grinding tools to increase the gloss of the statue’s surface.